GK Exam – Population and Associated Issues, Poverty and Developmental Issues

National Register of Citizens Context: The Supreme Court has actually extended by a month its June 30 deadline for the publication of the final draft of Assam’s National Register of Citizens (NRC). Background: ï ‚ § The first draft of the NRC, which was launched in January, noted just 1.9 crore individuals as citizens out […]

GK Exam – Population and Associated Issues, Poverty and Developmental Issues

National Register of Citizens
Context: The Supreme Court has actually extended by a month its June 30 deadline for the publication of the final draft of Assam’s National Register of Citizens (NRC).
Background:
ï ‚ § The first draft of the NRC, which was launched in January, noted just 1.9 crore individuals as citizens out of the 3.9 crore individuals who had submitted the NRC application.
ï ‚ § The upgraded NRC will count only those as Assam citizens who can show their residency on or prior to March 21,1971 This means that all those not consisted of in the list run the risk of being rendered illegal immigrants.

What is National Register of People (NRC)?
The NRC was presented to determine prohibited immigrants from Bangladesh and identify the Indian residents in Assam. It was very first prepared in 1951 and Assam is the only state having this plan.

Why the NRC is being updated in Assam?
NRC updation essentially indicates the process of employing the names of those persons (or their descendants) whose names appear in any of the Electoral Rolls as much as 1971, 1951 NRC or any of the permissible files stated.

Way ahead:
The need of the hour therefore is for the Union Government to ease apprehensions currently in the minds of individuals of Assam and take actions to include any unfavorable fallout after the publication of the final draft of the NRC. At the exact same time, it also needs to define what it plans to do with the persons whose names do not figure in the final NRC.

Truths for Prelims:
ï ‚ § Assam, which has faced influx of people from Bangladesh for over many years now, is the only state having an NRC.
ï ‚ § The NRC will be updated based on the provisions of The Citizenship Act, 1955 and The Citizenship (Registration of Citizens and Issue of National Identity Cards) Rules, 2003.

What is necessary?
ï ‚ § For Prelims: NRC.
ï ‚ § For Mains: Required for policy on migrants.
ï ‚ §
Significant functions of the Representation of People’s Act.
Census of India Context: According to a modified rule informed by the Registrar-General of India (RGI), the information collected throughout the 2021 Census will be stored electronically, the very first time considering that the decennial workout was conducted in 1951 in Independent India.
Census of India:
ï ‚ § The decennial Census of India has been carried out 15 times, As of2011 While it has been conducted every 10 years, beginning in 1872, the very first complete census was taken in the year1881
ï ‚ § Post 1949, it has been carried out by the Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India under the Ministry of Home Affairs, Federal Government of India.
ï ‚ § All the census given that 1951 are performed under 1948 Census of India Act.
Facts for Prelims:
ï ‚ § The renowned ‘Arthashastr’ by ‘Kautilya’ composed in the 3rd Century BC prescribed the collection of population data as a step of state policy for taxation. It included an in-depth description of methods of performing population, economic and agricultural censuses.
ï ‚ § Throughout the program of the Mughal king Akbar, the administrative report ‘Ain-e-Akbari’ included comprehensive information relating to population, market, wealth and lots of other qualities.
ï ‚ § The Delimitation/reservation of Constituencies- Parliamentary/Assembly/Panchayats and other Regional Bodies is also done on the basis of the demographic information thrown up by the Census.
What is essential?
For Prelims: Census- need, significance and utilizes.
Transparency & responsibility and institutional and other procedures.

Methodical Citizens Education and Electoral Involvement (SVEEP)
Context: Election Commission of India has introduced a dedicated portal for the ECI’s ‘Organized Voters Education and Electoral Involvement’ (SVEEP).

What is Systematic Voters Education and Electoral Participation (SVEEP)?
ï ‚ § SVEEP is a programme of multi interventions through various modes and media created to educate residents, electors and citizens about the electoral process in order to increase their awareness and participation in the electoral procedures.
ï ‚ § SVEEP is developed according to the socio-economic, cultural and group profile of the state along with the history of electoral involvement in previous rounds of elections and discovering thereof.
ï ‚ § Now it consists of enhanced interaction with the people through social networks, online contests and citizens’ celebrations; awareness about brand-new initiatives of linking EPIC with AADHAAR and National Voters’ Service Portal and a regularised annual plan of activities.
ï ‚ § In addition to target groups of women, youth, urban citizens and the marginalized areas, the addition of groups like service citizens, NRIs, individuals with specials needs, potential voters/ trainees is of primary focus.

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